by Dan Stolebarger
Jesus is the Word of God and He
has revealed to us in the Scriptures
that the volume of the Book speaks of
This two-part series explores the
Passover as well as the Seven Species
that God promised He would give the
Israelis in the Land of Canaan.
Is it possible for us to see Jesus
in every detail?
© 2011 Koinonia House Inc.
Session 1: The
Before We Start
Paul states in the Book of
Hebrews that the volume of the Book is
written about Yeshua (Heb 10:7). Yeshua
is the Word of God (Jn 1). “For whatever
things were written before were written
for our learning...” (Rom 15:4). We are
told specifically that Yeshua was the
Rock in the wilderness (1 Cor 10:4).
Also, there are many other
Christophonies: The Angel of the Lord
(78 times), The Commander of the Lord of
Hosts (Josh 5), and the fourth man in
the fire (Dan 3:25).
Have you noticed that kids love
books with pictures? Our Father knows
this and has given us amazing symbols
for the Passover. Things that we can
see, smell, touch and taste! During the
Passover service there is so much for
our senses to experience—don’t miss a
Extreme Spring Cleaning
Passover doesn’t just happen.
It takes PREPARATION! Note the Father’s
• Wooden Spoon
• Feather, Candle
• Leaven - Bread Crumbs
• Outside Fire
Unveiling - Symbolism
• Father - God.
• Leaven - Sin.
• Feather - Through His love
for us, He chooses to remove the sin of
our life with a soft gentle touch.
• Wood - Represents the cross
that Yeshua died on - the Father carries
away our sin outside the Camp.
The Haggadah not only tells
what to do at the Seder, but also when,
how and why. The word is Hebrew and
means “telling” or “showing forth.”
Seder = Order.
And you shall tell your son
in that day, saying, “This is done
because of what the Lord did for me when
I came up from Egypt.”
Remember, It’s Personal
In every generation, each
individual is bound to regard himself as
if he/she had come personally forth from
Egypt. As it is said, “...and you shall
relate to your son on that day saying,
this is on account of what the Eternal
did for me, when I went forth from
Egypt. Thus it was not our ancestors
alone, whom the most Holy, blessed be
He, then redeemed. But us also did He
redeem with them, as it is said, and He
brought us forth from thence, in order
to bring us in, that He might give us
the Land that He swore to our
Selah—Has He delivered you from
your Egyptian prisons?
Blessed are you, O Lord our
God, King of the Universe, who has made
us holy and has commanded us to light
the Festival Light.
By covering her eyes, the woman
can focus more fully on the blessing and
can postpone the enjoyment of the fruits
of the blessing (seeing the light) until
after the blessing is recited.
Unveiling - Why?
This is a good time to remember
the old adage that where there are two
Jews there are three opinions! Why a
woman? 1) Because Eve diminished the
light. 2) According to Jewish
tradition, it was the pious women in
Egypt that brought about Israel’s
deliverance. 3) Messianics: Because
Mary brought the Light of the World into
The Table Setting
The mood is festive and joyful,
the white tablecloth is out with the
finest china, in fact white is the color
of choice for this night. This is
likened to a wedding feast. The Seder
Plate is central as well as the silver
cups and an empty chair. On the Seder
plate will be bitter herbs, charoset,
shank bone, greens and a roasted egg.
And also in full view will be a plate or
a tosh for the three pieces of
Therefore say to the
children of Israel: “I am the Lord; I
will bring you out
(CONSECRATION) from under the burdens
of the Egyptians, I will rescue you
(DELIVERANCE) from their bondage, and
I will redeem you (REDEMPTION or
BLESSING) with an outstretched arm
and with great judgments. I will take
you as My people, (WEDDING FEAST)
and I will be your God. Then you shall
know that I am the Lord your God who
brings you out from under the burdens of
Unveiling - Jesus
1) CONSECRATION - Selection and
Sanctification: This has to do with his
CHOOSING YOU! (Jn 15:16, 1 Pet 2:9).
2) DELIVERANCE - Jesus has set
us FREE (Rom 5:12; 8:2).
3) REDEMPTION - (Gal 4:5; Titus
4) WEDDING FEAST - (Rev 19:7;
19:9; Mk 14:25; Mt 26:29).
More About the Wine
Passover wine was red and mixed
with water. The wine was lukewarm
because the water was heated. This would
represent the blood of the Passover Lamb
and the cups are silver which is
consistently symbolic of redemption. [MISHNAH
- Pesahim 7:13]
Two cups at the table are
usually larger than the others and
oftentimes more ornate. This night they
are silver and one sits at the head of
the table for the host while the other
sits in front of an empty chair. It
awaits the lips of Elijah, who according
to Malachi 4:5 is to announce the coming
of the Messiah. Elijah is the invited
guest of honor at every seder.
Cup #1 - Kiddush
Shehechyanu, which is a prayer
said at the beginning of any special
Blessed are You, O Lord,
King of the Universe, who has keep us
alive and sustained us, and brought us
to this season.
After the candles have been lit
and everyone is seated around the Seder
Table, we are ready to begin the
Passover Seder by saying Kiddush
first cup (kos rishon) of
Passover wine. This is also called the
“Cup of Sanctification” (i.e.,
The word Kiddush means
sanctification, which means to set apart
or make holy. When the LORD said that He
would take the Israelites out from
Egypt, He separated them and therefore
The Karpas is dipped into the
salt water twice. The greens represent
life, and the salt water a symbol of
redemption: joy mixed with tears. The
first time the karpas is dipped it is to
remember the time when “by faith the
people passed through the Red Sea as on
dry land.” The second time we dip is
symbolic of God using the same water as
a means to destroy our enemies. It
pictures the Red Sea crashing down on
the Egyptians and swallowing them up.
Unveiling - Karpas
Remember the fact that all of
this is both historical and personal and
that Jesus is beneath the surface of
everything. Now, as you think about the
Karpas reflect on the following:
• By Faith they crossed from
death to life. Faith in the unseen,
faith in the One who parted the sea.
Tonight do you have Egyptians nipping at
• The Lord will deliver! Allow
Him to close the Red Sea on the things
which so easily entangle you tonight.
• Celebrate the Karpas - life,
redemption, joy mixed with tears.
Weeping may endure through the night,
The door is now opened, the
matzah is displayed and the call goes
Behold the bread of
affliction, which our ancestors ate in
the wilderness. Let all who are hungry
come and eat. All who are in need, let
them come and celebrate the Passover.
Now the middle matzah is
removed, where it can be seen and
touched and then it is broken in two.
One part is put back into the tosh
while the other is wrapped in linen
and hidden. The Father then hides what
is called the afikomen while the
children cover their eyes. The word
afikomen is not Hebrew: it is Greek
and literally means “that which comes
after” or “that which will come again.”
Jewish tradition - the three
• The UNITY of the Fathers -
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
• The UNITY of Worship -
Priests, Levites and the rest of the
• The UNITY of the Crowns - The
crowns of learning, priesthood and
• The UNITY of the TRINITY -
Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
Striped and Pierced
But He was wounded for our
transgressions, He was bruised for our
iniquities; The chastisement for our
peace was upon Him, And by His stripes
we are healed.
“And I will pour on the
house of David and on the inhabitants of
Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and
supplication; then they will look on Me
whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn
for Him as one mourns for his only son,
and grieve for Him as one grieves for a
Unveiled - Matzah
• This is My Body ... BROKEN -
(1 Corinthians 11:24)
• The BREAD of LIFE - (John
• MANNA - (John 6:58)
• WHEAT - A seed must die
before it can live - (John 12:24)
• BARLEY - the grain waved at
first fruits. Ruth, Boaz, Hosea, and the
Boy with the lunch.
The Four Questions
1. Why is this night different
from every other night? On every other
night we eat either leavened or
unleavened bread, why on this night do
we eat only unleavened bread? Purity.
2. On all other nights we eat
any kinds of herbs, but on this night
only bitter herbs. Why? Reminds us of
our past slavery.
3. On all other nights we do
not even dip once, but tonight we dip
twice. Why? We remember both the opening
4. On this night we all recline
in our chairs at the table. Why? Picture
These questions now allow the
Father to retell the Passover Story.
Next the questions of the four sons.
Cup #2 - Deliverance
Not drank right away - we
recount the many facets of deliverance.
In Jewish thought wine is a symbol of
joy, but God teaches us also to have
compassion, so at the mention of each
plague, a drop of wine drips into the
• 10 Plagues: Blood, Frogs,
Gnats. Flies, Livestock, Festering
Boils, Hail, Locust, Darkness (which
could be felt) and Death of the
• At this point, a traditional
song titled DAYENU
is sung. “It would have been
enough,” this song
remembers ALL the favors and
the grace and the mighty hand of God.
Breaking of the Matzah
The Father now breaks the
Matzah up and distributes it:
• Dip in the MAROR -
• Dip in the CHAROSET - mixture
of fruits, nuts, spices, honey and wine
• Roasted Egg - BETZAH - burned
to remind one of the daily offerings.
Also a sign of resurrection and life.
• Z’ROAH - shank bone -
reminder of the blood.
We now raise the second glass.
The Blessing for the Second Cup
Blessed are You, O Lord our
God, who offers redemption from death,
and atonement for sins. Blessed are You,
O Lord our God, King of the Universe,
who created the fruit of the vine.
Can you imagine Jesus speaking
these words? Time now for the FESTIVE
MEAL - Shulshan Oraych.
Cup # 3 and the Afikomen
Following the meal, it is now
time for the search for the Afikomen.
Once it is found it is broken up and
each person receives a piece.
It is now time for the Cup of
Redemption. This is the cup that reminds
us of the Body and Blood of the
Marriage Cup: At a traditional Jewish
wedding the groom will place a cup of
wine before his bride. Her choices are
to either refuse it, or to drink it in
its entirety, taking both the bitter and
the sweet. So, for
the Believer, each time you
take of this cup it is a renewal of
your vows. Also, note that you have a
piece of the broken middle matzah in
The Lord’s Supper
Likewise He also took the
cup after supper, saying, “This cup is
the new covenant in My blood, which is
shed for you.
After drinking this cup we read
that they sang a hymn and headed to His
Garden of choice. Betrayal from Judah,
taken to the High Priest in the Upper
City; betrayal from Peter, taken in the
morning to Pilate and by twilight would
become our PASSOVER Lamb.
Cup #4 & Elijah
Known as the Cup of Praise, the
Cup of Completion, the Cup of the
Kingdom or the Cup of the Wedding Feast.
This is the one cup that Jesus did not
partake of at His Last Supper.
A child now goes to the door
and opens it wide looking to see if
Elijah will accept the invitation to
enter the home and to announce the
arrival of the Messiah. One last song
concludes the Seder: Next Year in
Session 2: The
Then I said, “Behold, I have
come—In the volume of the book it is
written of Me—To do Your will, O God.”
Jesus Christ is the same
yesterday, today, and forever.
The next day John saw Jesus
coming toward him, and said, “Behold!
The Lamb of God who takes away the sin
of the world!
Water from the Heavens
For the land which you go to
possess is not like the land of Egypt
from which you have come, where you
sowed your seed and watered it by foot,
as a vegetable garden; but the land
which you cross over to possess is a
land of hills and valleys, which drinks
water from the rain of heaven, a land
for which the Lord your God cares; the
eyes of the Lord your God are always on
it, from the beginning of the year to
the very end of the year. “And it shall
be that if you earnestly obey My
commandments which I command you today,
to love the Lord your God and serve Him
with all your heart and with all your
soul, then I will give you the rain for
your land in its season, the early rain
and the latter rain, that you may gather
in your grain, your new wine, and your
Jesus as the ROCK
All were baptized into Moses
in the cloud and in the sea, all ate the
same spiritual food, and all drank the
same spiritual drink. For they drank of
that spiritual Rock that followed them,
and that Rock was Christ.
1 Corinthians 10:2-4
Jesus and Water
• John 4: The Samaritan Woman
encounters the One who promises Living
• John 11: The “If any man
during the Feast of
The Seven Species
1) Wheat: What God Promised
For the Lord your God is
bringing you into a good land, a land of
brooks of water, of fountains and
springs, that flow out of valleys and
hills; a land of wheat and barley, of
vines and fig trees and pomegranates, a
land of olive oil and honey; a land in
which you will eat bread without
scarcity, in which you will lack
nothing; a land whose stones are iron
and out of whose hills you can dig
copper. When you have eaten and are
full, then you shall bless the Lord your
God for the good land which He has given
Wheat and Bread
Bread is the symbol from God to
mankind of eternal life, the body of
Christ in Communion: “Take this and eat,
for this is My body.”
Bethlehem - House of Bread;
original house of David and birthplace
Manna symbolizes bread and
Matzoh is a sign of the
generosity of God toward mankind.
Bread is among the most popular
foods in the world. Whatever the grain,
bread occupies an important place in
every civilization. It has exceptional
Barukh attah Adonai Eloheinu
melekh ha-olam, ha-motzi lechem min ha-aretz.
“Blessed art Thou, LORD our
God, King of the universe, who brings
forth the living bread from heaven.”
The Messianic Blessing - A
better blessing is to praise Ha-motzi
lechem min hashamayim - “the One who
brings forth bread from heaven.” Yeshua,
after all, is the true Bread from
heaven, the Bread of Life (John 6:35):
The Word of God
• I am the Bread of Life - John
• A seed must die - John 12:24.
• They were devoted to the
breaking of bread - Acts 2:42.
• He was known to them in the
breaking of the bread
- Luke 24:35.
• Unleavened bread of the
• Striped and Pierced - Isaiah
53:5 / Zechariah 12:10.
Barley is a hardy plant that
can withstand drought and extreme heat
and cold. When the Scriptures talk of
grain or meal in time of drought, it
generally refers to barley for wheat
cannot grow under such severe
Barley represents the overcomer,
who will survive in “times of drought”
in between revivals when the Spirit of
God does not appear to be moving.
Barley in the Word of God
• Ruth is associated with the
barley harvest .... Fields of Boaz - the
Shepherds Fields (see Herodian).
• Part of the price Hosea paid
to buy back Gomer - Hosea 3.
• The multiplication of the
loaves and fishes - five barley loaves -
Waving of the Sheaf Offering
And the Lord spoke to Moses,
saying, “Speak to the children of
Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come
into the land which I give to you, and
reap its harvest, then you shall bring a
sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest
to the priest. He shall wave the sheaf
before the Lord, to be accepted on your
behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the
priest shall wave it. And you shall
offer on that day, when you wave the
sheaf, a male lamb of the first year,
without blemish, as a burnt offering to
Review - Harvest
- Barley has a SOFT shell. You
cannot step on barley or you’ll “CRUSH”
it. They take a “fan” (it looks like a
pitch fork) and they gather the barley
together and they throw it up in the
air. The “WIND” separates the outer
shell from the meat, which is the barley
itself, and they they collect the barley
and bring it in. In the Book of Ruth, it
was the barley harvest. When you go to
separate this (barley), you do it by
- When you go to separate the
wheat, there was a board that you stand
on. You take an animal, you stand on
that board and you hook it to the animal
going over the top of the wheat (because
wheat is very hard).
- UTTERLY, TOTALLY CRUSHED!!!”
• Wine is symbolic of both joy
• Jesus’ first miracle at Cana
was to turn the water into wine (John
2). Symbolic of Joy.
• Grapes are crushed (trampled)
and Yeshua was
“poured out and emptied.” His
blood being the atonement - ONCE and
FOR ALL! Hebrews / 1 John (cf. The Four
Cups of Passover from Session 1).
Word of God - Blood
Then Jesus said to them,
“Most assuredly, I say to you, unless
you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and
drink His blood, you have no life in
you. Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My
blood has eternal life, and I will raise
him up at the last day. For My flesh is
food indeed, and My blood is drink
indeed. He who eats My flesh and drinks
My blood abides in Me, and I in him.
But now in Christ Jesus you
who once were far off have been brought
near by the blood of Christ.
Therefore, brethren, having
boldness to enter the Holiest by the
blood of Jesus, by a new and living way
which He consecrated for us, through the
veil, that is, His flesh,
Hebrews 10:19, 20
But if we walk in the light
as He is in the light, we have
fellowship with one another, and the
blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses
us from all sin.
1 John 1:7
...and from Jesus Christ,
the faithful witness, the firstborn from
the dead, and the ruler over the kings
of the earth. To Him who loved us and
washed us from our sins in His own
blood, and has made us kings and priests
to His God and Father, to Him be glory
and dominion forever and ever. Amen.
Word of God - Warning
Of how much worse
punishment, do you suppose, will he be
thought worthy who has trampled the Son
of God underfoot, counted the blood of
the covenant by which he was sanctified
a common thing, and insulted the Spirit
Grapes and the Vineyard
“I am the true vine, and My
Father is the vinedresser. Every branch
in Me that does not bear fruit He takes
away; and every branch that bears fruit
He prunes, that it may bear more fruit.
You are already clean because of the
word which I have spoken to you. Abide
in Me, and I in you. As the branch
cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it
abides in the vine, neither can you,
unless you abide in Me. “I am the vine,
you are the branches. He who abides in
Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for
without Me you can do nothing.
The first mention, of course,
is that Adam and Eve are said to have
made themselves garments of fig leaves,
after the Fall (Gen 3). The twelve spies
brought back figs as part of their
evidence that the land of Israel was
fruitful. And the idea of people sitting
under their vine and fig tree was a way
to describe peace (1 Kgs 4:25).
Jesus and the Fig Tree
• Jesus demonstrates His
authority by causing a fig tree to
wither and die (Mt 21).
• Jesus tells the disciples
about the end times, and uses the
sequence of events in the fig tree’s
seasonal growth to illustrate
that there will be signs of these events
• One of the parables tells
about how God gives people a chance to
follow Him, but if they don’t, they will
be destroyed like an unfruitful fig tree
would be (Lk 13).
Israel as the Fig Tree
Unlike all other trees, the fig
has this unique feature about it; its
fruit appears before its leaves. It is
as though the clothing of the tree, the
outward show of religious observance,
the ceremony and the regalia of formal
worship, is really the aftermath only of
the bearing of real fruit.
Jesus put a curse on a fig tree
that was in full leaf but had no fruit
as a good productive tree should have
had by that time of the season (Mt
The Fig Tree: Importance of
Producing ...seeing beyond the outward.
Man’s covering for sin.
Jewish tradition teaches that
the pomegranate is a symbol of
righteousness because it is said to have
613 seeds, which corresponds with the
613 mitzvoth, or commandments, of the
Torah. Moreover, the pomegranate
represents fruitfulness, knowledge,
learning, and wisdom. Many Jewish
scholars believe that the pomegranate
was the “forbidden fruit” of the Garden
Loving the Torah? Psalm 119
I delight in Your law.
71 It is good for me that I
have been afflicted,
That I may learn Your statutes.
72 The law of Your mouth is
better to me
Than thousands of coins of gold
92 Unless Your law had been my
I would then have perished in
93 I will never forget Your
For by them You have given me
97 Oh, how I love Your law!
It is my meditation all the
103 How sweet are Your words to
Sweeter than honey to my mouth!
104 Through Your precepts I get
Therefore I hate every false
164 Seven times a day I praise
Because of Your righteous
165 Great peace have those who
love Your law,
And nothing causes them to
174 I long for Your salvation,
And Your law is my delight.
Jesus - The Living Torah
“Do not think that I came to
destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did
not come to destroy but to fulfill. For
assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and
earth pass away, one jot or one tittle
will by no means pass from the law till
all is fulfilled.”
Matthew 5:17, 18
A dove from the ark brought an
olive leaf to Noah after the flood. The
emblem of peace (Gen 8:11). Olive oil
was used to fuel the Menorah in the
Tabernacle and Temple (Lev 24:1-2). The
Bible itself is said to contain 191
references to the healing powers of oil,
most refer to the use of olive oil.
Priests and Kings were anointed with
Illustrative - Of Christ
And if some of the branches
were broken off, and you, being a wild
olive tree, were grafted in
among them, and with them
became a partaker of the root and
fatness of the olive tree,
For if you were cut out of
the olive tree which is wild by nature,
and were grafted contrary to nature into
a cultivated olive tree, how much more
will these, who are natural branches, be
grafted into their own olive tree?
Illustrative - Of the Righteous
But I am like a green olive
tree in the house of God: I trust in the
mercy of God for ever and ever.
His branches shall spread,
and his beauty shall be as the olive
tree, and his smell as Lebanon.
Illustrative - Two Witnesses
And I will give power unto
my two witnesses, and they shall
prophesy a thousand two hundred and
threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.
These are the two olive trees, and the
two candlesticks standing before the God
of the earth.
Gethsemane = Oil Press
He who knew no sin, became sin
on our account. Through the crushing
process, liquid begins to emerge from
the fruit. Interestingly the liquid is
reddish in hue. The most horrible
“pressing upon” that Jesus experienced
was the oppressive feeling of bearing
the weight of all human sin and
separation from His Father.
7) Date Honey
Milk and Honey: The original
expression, “a land flowing with milk
and honey,” is a reference in the
Hebrew Bible to the
agricultural abundance of the Land of
The first reference appears in
the book of Exodus during Moses’ vision
of the burning bush (Ex 3:17).
Remember, bees are unclean, non
How sweet are thy words unto
my taste! yea, sweeter than honey to my
My son, eat thou honey,
because it is good; and the honeycomb,
which is sweet to thy taste: So shall
the knowledge of wisdom be unto thy
soul: when thou hast found it, then
there shall be a reward, and thy
expectation shall not be cut off.
Pleasant words are as an
honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and health
to the bones.
Jesus is the Word of God
The law of the Lord is
perfect, converting the soul; The
testimony of the Lord is sure, making
wise the simple; The statutes of the
Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; The
commandment of the Lord is pure,
enlightening the eyes; The fear of the
Lord is clean, enduring forever; The
judgments of the Lord are true and
righteous altogether. More to be desired
are they than gold, Yea, than much fine
Sweeter also than honey and the
honeycomb. Moreover by them Your
servant is warned, And in keeping them
there is great reward.